In the past few decades, our diets have changed dramatically. Processed foods are more common than fruits and vegetables, and it’s impossible to go more than a few miles down the road without spotting a dozen new fast food chains that have cropped up. Enter the Paleo diet plan, a diet that seeks to ditch the modern convenience foods in favor of the foods eaten by our ancestors.
The Paleo diet has been associated with many health benefits from better blood sugar levels to reduced inflammation. Considered one of the best diet plans for weight loss because it’s high in protein and fat and emphasizes nutrient-rich foods, it may also increase satiety and help correct nutrient deficiencies. Still, the diet has remained the subject of much controversy in recent years.
Despite this, the Paleo diet plan remains one of the most popular diets today, and there is a massive community of people who swear by it, claiming that it can be a convenient, easy to follow and effective way to attain better health.
So what is the Paleo diet and does it work? Here’s your Paleo diet beginner’s guide, complete with explaining what the Paleo diet exactly is, how it came to be, its profound health benefits, Paleo foods to eat vs. avoid, Paleo recipes and meal planning, how it compares to the popular keto diet, and more.
The Paleo diet definition is simple: Eat only foods that were available to our hunter and gatherer ancestors thousands of years ago during the Paleolithic Age. This means that things like processed foods, refined grains and cereals are off the table, and instead your plate should be full of fruits and vegetables, meats, nuts and seeds.
The idea is that these are the foods that our bodies were designed to eat while many of the heavily processed modern foods that fill our diets today contribute to chronic disease and health problems. Proponents of the diet suggest that a well-planned Paleo diet could lead to improvements in many aspects of health, such as enhanced weight loss and reduced inflammation.
Because it is essentially a grain-free diet, it tends to be lower in carbohydrates and higher in protein and fat than some other diets. However, it also eliminates several food groups that contain beneficial nutrients, such as legumes and dairy, which has made this diet a subject of much debate among experts.
The Paleo diet can be traced back to gastroenterologist Walter Voegtlin, who brought up the idea of eating like our ancestors in 1975 in his book “The Stone Age Diet.” A decade later, researchers Melvin Konner and Stanley Boyd Eaton published a paper on the Paleo diet in the New England Journal of Medicine, which is considered one of the foundations of the Paleo diet as we know it today.
However, scientist Dr. Loren Cordain is most often credited with founding the modern Paleo movement when he wrote “The Paleo Diet” in 2002 along with a multitude of other books on the Paleo diet in the following years.
It wasn’t until the last five or six years that the Paleo diet really started to catch on, though. By 2013, it was ranked as the most searched weight loss method on Google. Today, the Paleo diet remains one of the most popular diets and has a huge fan base of dedicated followers that enjoy the flexibility and health benefits it provides.
Keep reading to learn more about the Paleo diet pros and cons as well as how you should follow it to help maximize the potential Paleo diet results.
There are several different variations of Paleo, each of which comes with its own set of rules, regulations and Paleo diet guidelines. Here are a few of the most common options to consider when going Paleo:
Standard Paleo Diet: This version follows all of the rules of a traditional Paleo diet. Grains, legumes and processed foods are off the table and the focus is instead placed on whole foods like fruits, veggies, meats, nuts and seeds.
Autoimmune Paleo Diet: Also known as the AIP diet, this variation involves cutting out foods that trigger inflammation and then slowly reintroducing them to determine which you’re able to tolerate. This diet is best suited for those with autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.
80/20 Paleo Diet: If you can’t imagine giving up grains altogether, this may be the right fit for you. The 80/20 diet involves following a strict Paleo diet 80 percent of the time and enjoying your favorite non-Paleo foods during the remaining 20 percent.
Pegan Diet: Combining the principles of the vegan diet and Paleo diet, the “Pegan diet” focuses on plant-based whole foods while excluding animal products altogether. This diet remains somewhat controversial, as some claim that the inclusion of animal products is crucial to achieving results while following the Paleo diet.
Primal Diet: Much like the Paleo diet, the Primal diet is centered around following a diet similar to our ancestors. However, on the Primal diet, raw, full-fat dairy is permitted and also allows the consumption of certain types of legumes and fermented soy products.
Is the Paleo diet good for weight loss? Although results can vary quite a bit, following the Paleo diet can cause a substantial amount of weight loss for many people. By swapping processed foods and refined sugars for nutrient-rich proteins and healthy fats, you can cut calories and kick-start weight loss.
The specific foods included in the Paleo diet plan can also amp up weight loss. The plan encourages fruits and vegetables, which are high in slow-digesting fiber, along with healthy fats and protein, which increase satiety and reduce appetite.
Keep in mind that the amount of Paleo diet weight loss can vary depending on many factors, such as what your diet was like beforehand. While some people may see the inches and pounds slide off after starting the Paleo diet, others may not see such dramatic results.
Getting enough protein in your diet is essential to maintaining overall health. Protein is vital for repairing and rebuilding tissue cells, maintaining normal blood sugar, transporting oxygen, healing wounds, and building muscle mass.
A protein deficiency can lead to a host of negative side effects, including low energy levels, decreased immunity, poor concentration and slow wound healing.
Protein is one of the staples of the Paleo diet plan. In fact, the plan encourages filling your plate with plenty of protein foods, such as grass-fed beef, poultry and seafood.
Inflammation is a normal bodily response triggered by the immune system to protect against foreign invaders. Prolonged or chronic inflammation, however, is at the root of most diseases, including chronic conditions like cancer, heart disease and diabetes.
The Paleo diet plan encourages eating plenty of anti-inflammatory foods, such as fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds. Fruits and vegetables are high in antioxidants, which help neutralize the harmful free radicals that contribute to inflammation in the body. Meanwhile, nuts and seeds tend to be high in anti-inflammatory omega-3 fatty acids.
Reducing inflammation can also be beneficial in reducing symptoms of inflammatory or autoimmune conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus or ulcerative colitis.
The Paleo diet plan puts the emphasis on packing in plenty of heart-healthy fats and proteins into your diet, which can help support satiety and reduce appetite.
Fat is digested very slowly, so it stays in the stomach for longer and keeps you feeling full. Meanwhile, a high-protein diet can reduce levels of ghrelin, the hunger hormone, to reduce appetite. Protein has also been shown to kick-start your metabolism and decrease caloric intake.
Furthermore, the Paleo diet plan limits foods like refined grains and processed foods that are typically digested very quickly, leading to spikes and crashes in blood sugar levels as well as increased levels of hunger.
One of the biggest benefits of the Paleo diet is that it prioritizes nutrient-dense foods over heavily processed or refined foods. These foods can supply important micronutrients that you may be missing from your diet, helping reduce a wide range of symptoms, from brain fog to chronic fatigue.
Increasing your intake of red meat, for instance, can provide more iron while adding more nuts and seeds into your diet can up your intake of omega-3 fatty acids.
If you have any nutrient deficiencies and are currently consuming a diet rich in “empty calories” from nutrient-poor foods like junk food, switching to a Paleo diet may help you fit more nutrients into your diet.
While not as extreme as a very low- or no-carb diet, the Paleo diet does restrict many types of carbohydrates, such as cereal grains. This may positively impact your blood sugar levels. The diet also emphasizes nutrients like fat and protein, which are digested slowly, keeping blood sugar levels stable.
A study published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition compared the benefits of following a Paleo diet versus a diet recommended by the American Diabetes Association in 24 participants with diabetes. After two weeks, researchers found that the Paleo diet led to greater improvements in blood sugar levels and insulin sensitivity than the conventional diabetes diet.
Of course, lifestyle factors also play an important role in diabetes prevention. In addition to making dietary modifications, exercising regularly, reducing stress levels and drinking plenty of water can also help you maintain normal blood sugar.
Promising research shows that the Paleo diet could be beneficial for heart health. In fact, it’s been shown to reduce several heart disease risk factors to help keep your heart healthy and strong.
In one study out of Sweden, following a Paleo diet for just five weeks produced a significant reduction in blood pressure, triglycerides and cholesterol levels in postmenopausal women. Another study showed that the Paleo diet was effective at increasing levels of good HDL cholesterol, which moves through the bloodstream clearing fatty plaque to help prevent atherosclerosis.
Looking for a resource on the Paleo diet for beginners? Look no further. In this Paleo diet plan beginner’s guide, you’ll find more on the Paleo diet basics, some quick tips for maximizing your success on the Paleo diet, which Paleo diet foods you should include or avoid on the plan, and some tasty recipes to get you started.
So what can you eat on the Paleo diet? If you’re curious what a typical Paleo diet breakfast, lunch and dinner may look like, you’re in luck. Check out this sample Paleo diet meal plan for some inspiration to help plan out your weekly Paleo diet menu:
Even after going Paleo, you can still enjoy most–if not all–of your favorite favorite foods with a healthy, whole food twist. Try swapping regular burgers for lettuce burgers, pizza crust for cauliflower crust and wheat flour for coconut flour to give your diet a nutritious, Paleo-friendly makeover.
Wondering what a typical day on a Paleo diet looks like? There are plenty of recipes out there for everything from Paleo desserts to dinners, but here are a few simple Paleo diet recipes to get you started:
Following the Paleo diet plan can be a bit tricky as it can be challenging to know which foods you should include in your diet and which foods you should avoid. Here is a healthy Paleo diet food list with some foods that you should include in your diet:
Just as important as knowing which Paleo diet food groups you can enjoy is knowing which ones you should cut out of your diet. Here are the foods that you should avoid while following a Paleo diet plan: